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Journal of Infection and Molecular Biology

Research Article
J. Inf. Mol. Biol. 6(2): 22-27
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Tayebe Talebzade1, Farnaz Rahbarzare2, Niloofar Ahmadi3, Shabnam Naderifar4, Elham Eslahi3, Mona Mirgeloybayat3, Donya Altafi5, Hamed Hojatian5, Soha Sadeghi5*

1Department of Microbiology, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran; 2Department of Biology, North Tehran branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; 3Department of Microbiology, Research and Science branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; 4Department of Microbiology, Karaj branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran; 5Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Nour Danesh Institute of Higher Education, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract | Background: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in Iran. There are many effective methods of treatment of it. As a conventional treatment, chemotherapy has become a part of treatment scheme for patients with colorectal cancer. Enterococci are intestinal commensals. They are opportunistic pathogens which cause millions of human and animal infections annually. The aim of this study was to investigate the side effects of chemotherapy of sufferers from colon cancer on the antibiotic resistance of microflora. Methods: In this study, participants were divided into three groups: Group A: 300 colorectal cancer patients before the start of the cancer chemotherapy, group B: 300 healthy people living with patients at least for recent 12 months and group C includes 300 patients with colorectal cancer after six weeks chemotherapy. RNA was extracted from the stool of all the participants of the study. Following the RNA extraction from stool samples, cDNA libraries were constructed. Eight virulent genes (vanA, vanB, gelE, esp, asa1, aggA, efaA and enlA) of E. faecalis were evaluated by real-time qPCR. Results: The results were showed the expression level of the virulent genes in the group of the patients after chemotherapy was significantly higher than the two groups of B and C (P<0.05). Although the expression of these genes in the group of patients before chemotherapy was higher than that of the control group, this increase was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusions: It seems that chemotherapy could change the balance of mRNA expression of microflora such as antibiotic resistance genes. These could be responsible for infections arisen after ending the chemotherapy of cancer.

Keywords | Colorectal cancer, Chemotherapy, Antibiotic resistance, Enterococcus faecalis