Journal of Infection and Molecular Biology

Review Article
J. Inf. Mol. Biol. 5(1): 7-26
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Shaista Rehman, Shehar Bano, Sumbal Afzal

University of Veterinary and Animal Science, Lahore, Pakistan.

Abstract | The diversity among domestic and wild animals are known to contribute about half of the genetic variation found among animals within species, while the other half is attributed to genetic variation within breeds. Domestication of livestock species and a long history of migrations, selection and adaptation have created an enormous variety of breeds. Mitochondrial based genetic studies allow a comparison of genetic diversity. This has been summarized for cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, horse, came lids, dog, elephant, deer, bear, donkey and monkey.

Keywords | Domestic animal, Wild animal, Mitochondrial genome, Diversity, Phylogeny.