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Journal of Infection and Molecular Biology

Research Article
J. Inf. Mol. Biol. 3 (3): 57 - 61
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.jimb/2015/3.3.57.61
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Amaila Qaisar1*, Naeem Akhtar1, Rao Waqas Akhtar2, Waqas Latif2

1Rawalpindi Medical College, Rawalpindi; 2University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.

*Correspondence | Amaila Qaisar, Rawalpindi Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Email: amaila.qaiser134@gmail.com

Abstract
Surgical site infections (SSIs) results in a significant morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Here we determine the spectrum of bacterial isolates and their susceptibility patterns causing SSIs at Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi. A total of 100 pus swabs or pus were collected and subjected to microbial identification. Out of 100 pus swabs, 60 (60%) had positive aerobic bacterial growth corresponding to 8 different types of pathogenic bacteria. Escherichia coli (40.7%) was the most common pathogen followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26.31%) and Staphylococcus aureus (19.73%). Gram negative bacteria were found to be more susceptible to Meropenem while it was Cefoxitin against Gram positive isolates. The study conclude an alarming increase of SSIs in this tertiary care hospital. In order to reduce the risk of post-operative surgical site infection, improvements in antibiotic prophylaxis including the timing of initial administration, appropriate choice of antibiotic agents, proper sterilization, improvement of operation theatre and ward environments is needed.

Keywords | Surgical site infections, Bacterial pathogens, Antimicrobial susceptibility profile

Editor | Tahir Yaqub, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
Received | May 28, 2015; Revised | June 29, 2015; Accepted | June 30, 2015; Published | July 19, 2015

Citation | Qaisar A, Akhtar N, Akhtar RW, Latif W (2015). Antimicrobial susceptibilty profile of bacterial pathogens in surgical site infections at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. J. Inf. Mol. Biol. 3(3): 57-61.

ISSN (Online) | 2307-5465; ISSN (Print) | 2307-5716

Copyright © 2015 Qaisar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.