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Journal of Infection and Molecular Biology

Short Communication
J. Inf. Mol. Biol. 3 (2): 52 - 56
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.jimb/2015/3.2.52.56
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Sami Ullah1*, Tariq Jamil2, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq1, Muhammad Hassan Saleem3

1Department of Epidemiology and Public Health; 2University Diagnostic Laboratory; 3Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Outfall Road (54600), Lahore, Pakistan.

*Correspondence | Sami Ullah, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Outfall road, Lahore, Pakistan; Email: drsami888@gmail.com

Abstract
Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease of animals and humans. Camel has often been neglected for brucellosis study in Pakistan due to many reasons. A study was conducted to investigate prevalence among camels in district Muzaffargarh. A total of 387 serum samples (300 females; 87 males) were collected and subjected to Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Out of 387 samples, 2 (0.51%) were found seropositive by RBPT however, none of them was found positive by PCR. All the seropositive samples came from adult female camels (≥6 years of age) only. Common watering points (e.g. ponds) showed significant association (P<0.05), however, age and sex had non-significant association (P>0.05). The study concluded seroconversion and potential risk factor involved in the spread of brucellosis in camel herds. Routine screening together with public awareness is required to control brucellosis in the area.

Keywords | Seroprevalence, PCR, Brucellosis, Camels, Muzaffargarh