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Journal of Infection and Molecular Biology

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J. Inf. Mol. Biol. 2 (4): 49 - 52
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/jimb.2307-5465/2.4.49.52
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Shahzad Ashraf1, Haroon Rashid Chaudhry1*, Mamoona Chaudhry4, Zafar Iqbal2, Muazzam Ali3, Tariq Jamil1, Nuzhat Sial3, Mirza Imran Shahzad1, Furqan Basheer1, Serug Akhter1, Syed Hafeez Ur Rehman1, Azhar Yasin3
1University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur-63100, Pakistan. 2Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. 3Department of Life Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur-63100, Pakistan. 4Department of Epidemology and Public Health, University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
*Corresponding author: haroon.rashid@iub.edu.pk

ABSTRACT
An epidemiological study was executed to determine the prevalence of common diseases in camels of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Starting from Fort Abbas to Rahim Yar Khan, the survey was carried out from May 2010 to April 2011. Epidemiological data was collected from the camel herds of Cholistan (Locally called as Tobbas) and analyzed to interpret current scenario of camel diseases. The overall prevalence of all diseases in camels was 15.8%. The prevalence of trypanosomiasis, pneumonia, mange, and anthrax in camels was recorded as 5.39%, 5.49%, 3.14% and 1.80%, respectively. Considering this baseline information, strategic disease control measures should be develop to combat infectious, parasitic and miscellaneous diseases especially Surra, pneumonia, mange and anthrax.

Key Words: Prevalence, Camel, Cholistan, Bahawalpur