Advances in Pharmaceutical and Ethnomedicines

Research Article
Adv. Pharm.Ethnomedicines 1 (1): 7 - 14
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Rehman Ullah khan1, Sultan Mehmood1, Saad Ullah khan1, Aziz Khan1, Inam Ali Shah1, Tasveer Zada Bokhari2
1Department of Botany, University of Science & Technology Bannu; 2Institute of Pure and Applied Biology BZU Multan.
* Corresponding author:


Herbalism is thought to have started some 60,000 years ago but during the Greek Era, knowledge on the use of medicinal plants expanded. The present study was carried out during 2013 to assess record and report the Ethno botanical knowledge of Bannu District. Medicinal information of Sixty five (65) plants were reported by interviewing local inhabitants i.e. hakims, herbalists, farmers and medicinal plant users. The present investigation comprises the indigenous uses of 65 species belonging to 36 families of Angiosperms based upon their utility. Out of this rich Medicinal germplasm, 66.15% plants were wild, 44.18%, species were found to be cultivated while 26.74% of the total flora of this area species was both wild as well as cultivated. The most important medicinal families were Apiaceae, Brassicaceae, Ranunculaceae and Solonaceae having 04 Plants each, Astraceae, Chenopodiaceae, Lamiaceae, Mimosaceae, Papilionaceae and Plantagonaceae having 03 plants each, while Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Rhamnaceae, Salicaceae and Verbenaceae having 2 plants each which were medicinally very important. Moreover, Moraceae, Rosaceae Amaranthaceae and other 18 remaining families having 01 plant each. The most common medicinal plants in the area were Albizia lebbeek L. Apium graveolens L. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb, Cannabis sativa L., Coriandrum sativum L., Cordia obliqua Willd, Citrus medica L., Dodonia viscosa L., Foeniculum vulgare Miller, Ficus carica L., Nerium oleander L., Mentha royleana L., Ocimum sanctum L., Ocimum basilicum L., Papaver somniferum L., Plantago spp., Ranunculus spp, Trachyspermum ammi L. Some plants have wild fruits i.e. Capparis decidua Forsk., Solanum nigrum L., while Rumax dentate Don, Vicia sativa, Medicago polymerpha L. and Lepidium sativum L. were wild vegetables.

Key Words: Indigenous Flora; Bannu