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Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 5(4): 172-175
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Sunil Kumar1*, Somasekaran Subash2, Ashok Baindha3, Rameti Jangir4

1Division of Dairy Extension Education ICAR-NDRI Karnal 132001; 2Dairy Extension Section SRS of ICAR-NDRI, Bengaluru-560030; 3(VUTRC Suratgarh) RAJUVAS, Bikaner -334001; 4NAU, Navsari -396445, India.

Abstract | Indigenous cattle play a major role in income generation and livelihood security of millions of farmers especially in drought prone regions. Rajasthan state has nine recognized indigenous cattle breeds and further, more than 60 percent of the cattle are nondescript. These indigenous cattle breeds are highly suitable in adverse climatic condition but with less milk yield. In this context, the present study was carried out to elicit the major constraints faced by the dairy farmers of Rajasthan in rearing of Sahiwal, Tharparkar and Rathi indigenous cattle. The results indicated that majority of the respondents (86.1%) were lack of knowledge about improved indigenous cattle dairy farming practices.80.35% of them reported low milk productivity of indigenous cattle and 74.4% expressed non availability of exclusive marketing facilities for indigenous milk and its products as their major constraints in indigenous cattle farming. These results indicated the urgent need to formulate the specific policies and programmes to develop the potential of native breeds and resolve the farmers’ issues to ensure the sustainable agriculture in the region.

Keywords | Indigenous cattle, Constraints, Sahiwal, Tharparkar, Rathi, Rajasthan