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Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 5(3): 92-96
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Axay Joshi, Nilufar Haque*, Abdul Lateef, Ajay Patel, Pankaj Patel, Nikita Bhalakiya

Department of Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Veterinary Science and AH, SDAU, Gujarat, India.

Abstract | The present study determines and compares the blood metabolites and leukocyte indices at different stages of lactation. The study was carried out on 30 clinically healthy female camels (Camelus dromedarius) of 8-10 years old with 500kg body weight from the herd maintained at Camel breeding farm, Dhori (Kutch, Gujarat) and categorized broadly into three groups comprising ten animals in each group: early (1-3 months, Group-I), mid-lactation (4-6 months, Group-II) and late (>7 months, Group-III) lactation. The significant (p < 0.05) variation were noticed in leukocytic indices viz. Total Leukocytic Count (TLC), lymphocyte, neutrophil, monocyte and eosinophil counts during early, mid and late lactation, while basophil counts did not differ. The platelet count was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in late lactation than early lactation and mid lactation. The findings of biochemical parameters indicated that the concentration of albumin and uric acid were significantly (p < 0.05) increased from early lactation to late lactation. The globulin levels were similar in all three stages of lactation(p < 0.05). The concentrations of total protein, and A/G (albumin to globulin) ratio were significantly (p < 0.05) altered during different stages of lactation. These findings of the present study may be used to assess metabolic health status of animals.

Keywords | Kutchi camel, Blood metabolites, Leukocyte indices, Lactation stages, Physiological levels