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Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 5(2): 68-73
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Ahmad Ishfaq1*, Abdul Majeed Ganai1, Haider ali Ahmed1, Shafayat Ahmad Beigh2, Hilal Musadiq Khan3, Sheikh Bilal Ahmad4

1Division of Animal Nutrition, FVSc & AH, Shuhama, SKUAST-Kashmir, India; 2Division of Veterinary Medicine, FVSc & AH, Shuhama, SKUAST-Kashmir, India; 3Division of Livestock production and Mangment., FVSc & AH, Shuhama, SKUAST-Kashmir, India; 4Division of Veterinary Biochemistry, FVSc & AH, Shuhama, SKUAST-Kashmir, India.

Abstract | The current study was carried to know the rearing practices, production performance and reproductive problems in cattle of Budgam district. A total of 421 livestock rearing households from all the eight blocks of Budgam district were surveyed. Majority (47.37%) of the livestock rearing people had agriculture as their major income.77% of cattle were phenotypically predominant exotic crossbred and 23% were indigenous crossbred, however very rare cases of true indigenous cattle were found. Most (78.11%) of the livestock owners preferred intensive management of rearing where by the animals are stall-fed. Majority of livestock sheds presented unsatisfactory hygienic look with only 10.80% houses having satisfactory hygiene. Among surveyed dairy cattle, 85.24% animals were in milking stage and the rest 14.85% animals were in drying stage including the pregnant heifers. Very less number (3.03%) of the farmers were using supplementation in the form of vitamins or minerals for the animals. An average of 6.33 years age and 253.10 kg weight was observed. The average milk yield of study district was 5.70 litre with highest average milk yield (7.13 litre) in Narbal block and lowest in Khag block (5.12 litre). The average concentrates offered on dry matter basis were 1.89 kg and mixed roughages up to 5.10 kg per animal. 41.8% animals had reproductive problems with repeat breeding in 14.51%, mastitis in 7.20% and still birth in 0.23% of total animals. The average service period reported was 6.95 months with Khag block having the highest 8.53 months. The study revealed the unawareness of good rearing practices among the livestock owners and their satisfaction on low production. It seems that the Budgamdistrict has a potential of high milk production if advanced nutritional and managemental interventionsare carried, whereas simultaneous veterinary interventions are needed to treat reproductive problems and reduce service period.

Keywords | Budgam, Management, Milk yield, Reproductive, Service period