Phone : 0092 300 7786573

Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 5(1): 5-9
Http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.jahp/2017/5.1.5.9
View Full HTML
Download PDF

Maryam Rajput, Asghar Ali Kamboh, Parkash Dewani, Aslam Parvez Umrani, Rahmatullah Rind 

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam 70060, Pakistan; 2Directorate of Veterinary Research and Diagnosis, Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (CVDL) Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan.
 
Abstract | Bacillus anthracis (B. anthracis) is a spore-forming bacteria that causes anthrax in animals, including small ruminants. The present study, for the first time investigated the B. anthracis spores contamination in small ruminant’s wool/hair in district Tharparkar, Pakistan. Randomly selected sheep and goats (n=40 each) were used for sample collection from different body parts i.e., abdomen, neck + face, fore limbs and hind limbs. Overall results showed that 28% samples were contaminated with anthrax spores. A moderately high (P > 0.05) incidence of anthrax spores was observed in samples collected from abdomen (35%), followed by neck + face (30%), fore limbs (25%) and hind limbs (20%) respectively. Sheep wool (30%) has a higher contamination level (P < 0.05) than goat hair (25%). In sheep, the highest prevalence was observed in 2 years of age group i.e., 4/8 (50%), whereas, 3/8 (37.5%), 3/12 (25%) and 2/12 (16.6%) samples were positive in age groups of 2 ½, 3 and 4 years respectively. However, in goats the prevalence was recorded as 6/12 (50%), 3/12 (25%) and 1/8 (12.5%) in age groups of 2, 2 ½ and 3 years respectively, whereas, anthrax spores were not found in goats of 4 years age-group. These results indicated that wool/hair of small ruminants harbor B. anthracis spores. Moreover, sheep wool harbored relatively higher spore numbers as compared to goat hair.

Keywords | Anthrax Spore, Small ruminant, Tharparkar, Hair, Wool.