Journal of Animal Health and Production

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Neelam Sachan1*, Binita Nautiyal1, Rajesh Kumar Agarwal2, Veer Pal Singh3 and Amit Kumar Verma4

1Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Applied Sciences, M. J. P. Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, U.P.-243122; 2Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, U.P. 243122; 3Department of Livestock Product Technology, 4Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, 2Uttar Pradesh Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhayay Pashu ChikitsaVigyan Vishwavidyalaya Ewam Go-Anusandhan Sansthan, Mathura (U.P.) – 281001, INDIA.
*Corresponding Author:

Journal of Animal Health and Production. 1 (1): 6–9

During the period understudy (2008-10), a total of 1500 serum samples of cattle, buffalo, goats and dogs from five districts of Rohilkhand region, Uttar Pradesh, India were screened for presence of Salmonella agglutinins employing slide micro-agglutination test using two coloured antigens of Salmonella Typhimurium (O-4,5,12) and S. Enteritidis (O-9,12). An overall sero-prevalence of Salmonella agglutinin against O-4,5,12 and O-9,12 antigens in animals was 15.53% and 13.6%, respectively, while overall sero-prevalence of Salmonella agglutinins against both the antigen was 11.4%. Species wise distribution of positive agglutinins against both antigens was highest in dogs (25.2%), followed by cattle (11%), buffalo (9.2%) and goats (2.8%). The prevalence of agglutinins in sera of animals was highest in animals of district Bareilly (13%). In all the animal species, seropositivity was highest during winter season. Sex of animal had no significant effect on sero-prevalence of agglutinins against both Salmonella antigens. Age wise prevalence of positive agglutinins was found to decrease with age in buffalo and goats, while it showed an increasing trend in dogs.

Key Words: Salmonella, Seroprevalence, Epidemiology, Cattle, Buffalo, Goat, Dog