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Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 1 (4):39 - 41
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Priya Ranjan Kumar1*, Satya Nidhi Shukla2, Rahul Dhar Purkayastha3
1&2Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur–482001(Madhya Pradesh) India; 3Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Radha Kishore Nagar, Agartala-799008 (Tripura) India.
*Corresponding author: dr.pranjan007@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
In India, buffalo has eminent position among the milk producing animals but its poor reproductive efficiency due to ovarian inactivity leads to economic losses that include lowered production as well as additional cost of rearing. A total of 175 anestrus buffaloes were selected on the basis of history, gynaeco–clinical examinations and serum progesterone estimation and treated with different hormonal (PMSG and Insulin) and non–hormonal (deworming plus mineral mixture supplementation) preparations to evaluate cost effective management of true anestrus in buffaloes. After treatment, all the animals were observed carefully for expression of estrus and the time taken for onset of estrus following withdrawal of treatment. The approximate economical loss per animal per day due to anestrus (Rs. 372.90) was also calculated for non–productive buffaloes. The results of estrus induction and cost incurred on different treatment protocols revealed that group IV (PMSG and Insulin along with deworming and mineral mixture supplementation) was found superior in terms of response to treatment as compared to other groups. However, treatment cost incurred in a group, in which deworming and mineral mixture supplementation was given, found to be most economical (Rs. 61.00). Therefore, it is recommended that different strategies may be used for the effective management of postpartum anestrus buffalos as per the need of situation.

Key Words: Buffaloes, Anestrus, Economic losses, PMSG, Insulin