Journal of Animal Health and Production

Case Report
J. Anim. Health Prod. 8(3): 145-149
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M.Venkatesan1*, K. Jayalakshmi1, A. Latchumikanthan2, M. Saravanan3, M. Veeraselvam1, N. Premalatha1

1Department of Veterinary Medicine, VCRI, Orathanadu – 614 625; 2Department of Veterinary Parasitology, VCRI, Orathanadu – 614 625; 3Veterinary Clinical Complex, VCRI, Orathanadu – 614 625; Large Animal Medicine Out Patient Unit, Veterinary College and Research Institute, TANUVAS, Orathanadu – 614 625, Thanjavur.

Abstract | Edema of gastrointestinal parasitic infestation is very common in food animals. Cattle (n=4 cases) brought to Large Animal Medicine Outpatient Unit of Veterinary College and Research Institute, Orathanadu with history of inappetence, foul smelling diarrhoea and jowl edema were taken for this study. Clinical examination revealed pale pink mucous membrane, jowel edema and malodorous watery diarrhoea with blood clots. Faecal examination revealed eggs of Amphistome spp. (in 3 cases) and Strongyloides spp. (in one case). Haemato-biochemical examination revealed anaemia and hypoproteinemia. No radiographic abnormalities could be seen. Percutaneous thoraco- ultrasound revealed displaced abomasum, dilated intestinal loops and hepatic vessels in three cases. Malodorous diarrhoea and jowl edema due to helminths infection was confirmed by differentiated from other edema causing diseases of cattle. All the affected animals were treated with oxyclozanide and levamisole at the rate of 5 ml/10 kg bw twice a day along with supportive therapy. Out of four, 03 animals were recovered.

Keywords | Amphistome spp., Strongyloides spp., Cattle, Ultrasonography, Jowl edema.