Journal of Animal Health and Production

Review Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 8(3): 101-112.
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.jahp/2020/8.3.101.112
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Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse1,2*, Mohamed Abdirahman Boorei2, Eric Lim Teik Chung1,3, Fitri Wan-Nor2, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila4, Mohd Jefri Norsidin2, Kamarulrizal Mat Isa2, Nur Azhar Amira1, Arsalan Maqbool1, Mohammed Naji Odhah5, Yusuf Abba6, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus7, Idris Umar Hambali6, Innocent Damudu Peter6, Bura Thlama Paul2,6

1Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Pengakalan Chepa 16100, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia; 6Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069 Maiduguri, Borno Nigeria; 7Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Jos, P.M.B 2084 Jos, Plateau Nigeria.

Abstract | Mannheimia haemolytica causes pneumonic pasteurellosis (mannheimiosis) in ruminants which is the most economically significant infectious disease. Mannheimia belongs to the family Pasteurellaceae, are nonmotile, non-spore-forming, facultatively anaerobic, oxidase-positive and fermentative gram-negative rods or coccobacilli which are frequent respiratory and digestive tract commensals in both domestic and wild animals. They can produce infection in animals with compromised immune states. The capsular polysaccharide, lipopolysaccharide and iron-regulated outer membrane proteins are the major virulent factors of organism stimulating the host immunity. There is a significant gap on the effects of the M. haemolytica and its’ immunogens on the physiology and performance of the reproductive system in small ruminants. Therefore, the goal of this review is to highlight the potential involvement of the female reproductive system with infection with M. haemolytica and its immunogens in small ruminants. Moreover, the review has directed the future research path to determine the role of this bacterium in the pathophysiology and performance of the female reproductive system.

Keywords | Mannheimia haemolytica, Pneumonic pasteurellosis, Immunogens, Reproductive physiology, Small ruminants