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Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 7(4): 131-141
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.jahp/2019/7.4.131.141
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Hashem H. Abdel-Rahman1, Sobhy Abdel-Shafy2*, Soad M. Nasr2, Yasser A.A. El-Nomeary1, Tamer H. Abd El-Aziz2, Mohsen M. Shoukry1, Aboelfetoh M. Abdalla3, Mamdouh I. Mohamed1

1Department of Animal Production, Agricultural and Biological Research Division, National Research Centre, 33 Bohouth St., Dokki, 12622 Giza, Egypt; 2Department of Parasitology and Animal Diseases, Veterinary Research Division, National Research Centre, 33 Bohouth St., Dokki, 12622 Giza, Egypt; 3Horticulture and Crops Technology, Agricultural and Biological Research Division, National Research Centre, 33 Bohouth St., Dokki, 12622 Giza, Egypt.

Abstract | This experiment aimed to evaluate the effect of feeding different levels of Moringa oleifera seed meal (MOSM) as a potential protein source instead protein of cotton seed meal (CSM) on nutrients digestibility, feeding value and hemato-biochemical parameters of male Damascus goats. Fifteen clinically healthy male goats were assigned randomly into three equal groups (G1, G2 and G3). G1 fed control ration (R1) contained 100% CSM. G2 and G3 received trial rations (R2 & R3) contained 25% and 50% of MOSM instead protein of CSM. Feeding and watering were given freely throughout this study. The feeding trial lasted for eight weeks. The chemical composition, amino acids, digestibility coefficient and nutritive values were determined in MOSM. Blood samples were collected and analyzed for hematological and biochemical parameters. Results revealed that the crude protein and ether extract contents in MOSM was higher than CSM (30.04% and 13.66% vs. 26.24 and 8.39%, respectively). The amino acids were higher in MOSM than CSM. The animals fed ration R3 contained 50% MOSM had significant (P<0.01) increase in all nutrients digestibility and nutritive value in terms of total digestible nutrients (TDN) and digestible crude protein (DCP) values. The intake of TDN and DCP in terms as g/kg w0.75 and kg/100kg BW were significantly increased (P<0.01) for animals fed R3. The relative economic efficiency improved by 485.50% and 153.81% for R3 and R2 vs R1 (100%). Red blood cells count was increased with lowering in mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), while leukocytes and lymphocytes were increased, however, neutrophils count was decreased in G2 and G3. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities, and triglycerides, total cholesterol as well as glucose levels exhibited gradual decrease while total proteins and globulins were markedly (P<0.05) increased in G2 and G3. In conclusion, goats could depend on MOSM as protein source which improved the cellular immunity, liver and kidney functions without any serious effect on economic cost.

Keywords | Goats, Moringa oleifera seed meal, Amino acids, Nutritive values, Hemogram, Serum biochemistry.