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Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 7(1): 1-4
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Kranti P. Kharkar*, D. S. Raghuwanshi, P. D. Thakre, Shweta R. Lende, B. M. Khati

Cattle Breeding Farm Nagpur Veterinary College, Telankhedi, Nagpur-440 001 (Maharashtra), India.

Abstract | The study was conducted on mortality pattern in Nagpuri Buffalo calf at Cattle Breeding Farm, Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur, Maharashtra. The data on 58 calves, died during the period 2005-2016, was used for the assessment of mortality pattern in non-genetic parameter studied. As per the analysis, the maximum numbers of deaths were observed in monsoon season, followed by winter and least in summer season. The mortality was higher in the female than the male calves. The mortality percentage reduces with the age advancement of calves, however, the maximum being during first month of age (15.89 %). The predominant causes of mortality were found to be Gastroenteritis (22.41%), Pneumonia (10.34%) and other diseases (56.90%). The period and age had significant effect (P<0.05) on the female and male mortality rate in calves respectively. However, the season and parity wise incidence of mortality rate was non-significant (P>0.05). It is concluded that the period of calving and parity of Nagpuri buffaloes play very important role in calf mortality. Intensive health care and management is the prerequisite for young calves’ especially in rainy season and in winter months to minimize mortality due to digestive and respiratory problems.

Keywords | Nagpuri buffalo, Calf mortality, Gastroenteritis, Pneumonia.