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Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 6(3): 90-95
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Somerahally Basavaraju Prasanna*1, Rasabihari Bhar2, Bhimnere Hanumanthagouda Manjunatha Patel3, Mahadevappa Demappa Gouri4, Shankarappa Bhajantri5, Abhijeet Kumar 6, Said Mohamamad Ali7

1Department of LFC, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bangalore-560024; 2IVRI, Palampur-176061; 3IVRI, Bangalore-560024; 4Department of LPM; 5Department of LFC; 6,7Department of LPM, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bangalore-560024.

Abstract | An attempt was made to calculate the feeding economics of Landrace crossbred pig on replacement of balanced ration with kitchen waste and poultry offals. Twenty-four gilts were selected at eight months of age and randomly allotted to 3 groups viz, sole concentrate (C), kitchen wastes (K) and poultry offals (P) substituted groups. Further, eight gilts of each group were divided into two subgroups of four each for feeding once or twice a day (C1 and C2 in Control, K1 and K2 in K group, P1 and P2 in P groups, respectively). All the three diets were offered in one or two frequencies i.e., single diet 10:00hr or twice daily at 10:00hr and 16:00hr. Crude Protein (CP) in the standard ration was replaced by using kitchen wastes or poultry offals by substituting 40% of the CP in the control diet and rations were formulated iso-nitrogenously (18.40%). The feed intake of sows during gestation and lactation was recorded. It was observed that feed cost per sow per day was significantly lower (P<0.01) both during gestation and lactation in sows in groups K and P. Altogether the total cost of feeds incurred on sows upto weaning were significantly (P<0.01) highest in C (Rs. 2913.76±111.11), followed by P (Rs. 2263.29±92.38) and lowest in K (1448.61± 88.15) group. This finding indicates that the cost of feeding pigs can be significantly minimized by substituting the costly concentrate feed with kitchen wastes and alternate unconventional source of poultry offals at 14% and kitchen wastes at 40% level of inclusion.

Keywords | Economics, Kitchen waste, Poultry offals, Pig, Replacement