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Journal of Animal Health and Production

Review Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 6(3): 80-85
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Ashaq Manzoor1, Madeeha Untoo1, Bushra Zaffar1, Insha Afzal1, Aaliya Fayaz1, Zahoor Ahmad Dar2, Sehrish Shafiq1

1Division of Livestock Production Management; 2Division of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Shuhama, SKUAST-K, 190006, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Abstract | Body condition scoring being the subjective and non-invasive yardstick gives the access about the body reserves of cow without intervention of any technology and expenses. It provides an instant apprehension of animal’s body state and is readily utilized in operational decision making. Body condition score (BCS) dynamics affects production profile of milk yield, peak milk yield, persistency and the milk constituents; also affects reproductive traits of oestrous, ovulation, conception rate, calving interval; dry period influences production and reproductive profile. BCS affects body weight. High as well as low BCS cows are prone to metabolic and related disorders. Mobilization of body tissues increases blood glucose, fatty acids, urea and total protein with advancement of calving and lactation affecting production, reproductive and health traits. Ideal body condition optimizes production, minimizes reproductive and health disorders, and maximizes economic returns.

Keywords | Body condition score, Milk yield, Persistency, Reproductive traits, Health