The Journal of Advances in Parasitology

Review Article
J. Adv. Parasitol. 8(2): 13-19
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.jap/2021/8.2.13.19
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Taibur Rahman*, Tamanna Ashraf, Atiqur Rahman

Laboratory of Infection Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka. Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Abstract | Understanding the transmission strategy of any infectious microorganisms are very much critical for proper management and prevention of that particular microorganism mediated disease. In this review, we have explored the outmost transmission routes of Toxoplasma gondii into human and animal host.It has to be stressed that T. gondii has wide range of transmission pattern and therefore can infect any warm-blooded animals including one-third of human population world-wide. The major routes of T. gondii transmissions are ingestions of undercooked meats or meat-products and oocysts contaminated foods, vegetables and water. Congenital transmission is also play an important role for T. gondii transmission into developing fetus. In addition to these, there are considerably significant routes by which T. gondii can interchange its host through contaminated milk, fish, soil etc. Furthermore, a few minor routes are available i.e blood transfusion and organ transplantation. However, this review would cover the recent knowledge of T. gondii transmission from environment to animal to human. This one health approach might unrevealed knowledge in this particular area which would be helpful for the counties where T. gondii is highly prevalent. Controlling these transmission route with proper safety and carefulness,T. gondii mediated Toxoplasmosis can be prevented.

Keywords | Toxoplasma gondii, transmission, foods, vegetables, water, animal and human.