Journal of Animal Health and Production

Research Article
J. Anim. Health Prod. 9(4): 391-397
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Heba El-Zahar*, Heba Gouda, Abbas El-Naggar, Aziza Eissa, Shimaa Gouda

Internal Medicine, Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Abstract | Respiratory disorders have an economic effect on the dairy industry. The purpose of this study was to diagnose cattle with respiratory problems, as well as to assess the nature of the lesions. A variety of practical approaches are used to examine respiratory disorders in cattle. The present study involved 55 cows of which 10 cows were clinically healthy and served as the control group. Cows were brought to the clinic for a number of complaints, including inappetence, cough, dyspnea and nasal discharges. The total leucocytic counts, aspartate aminotransferase activities, and carbon dioxide tension were significantly higher in all diseased cows. The ultrasonographical examination of the lungs demonstrated several comet-tail artifacts in cows affected with pulmonary emphysema. Various degrees of pulmonary consolidation in bronchopneumonic cows were observed. Furthermore, cows with pleurisy showed anechoic pleural effusion with fibrin deposits and an irregular pleural surface. It is concluded that, hematological and biochemical findings are the key indicators of bovine health, and they are more expressive when correlated with the history, clinical symptoms, and ultrasonographic examination of cows with respiratory diseases.

Keywords | Hematology, Biochemistry, Ultrasonography, Cattle, Respiratory diseases